Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Crater Lake

  • Mohamed Ramy El Maarry
  • Gino Erkeling
  • Ákos Kereszturi
  • Henrik Hargitai
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_76

Definition

A circular depression of impact or volcanic origin, filled or covered by water or other non-magmatic liquid.

Synonyms

Subtypes/Formation

Crater lakes may be closed drainage (endorheic) crater basins or open basins. They may be filled with liquids presently or in the past (paleolakes) as inferred from crater morphology or sedimentary deposits. The shape of the lake may be (sub)circular, annular, or more complex, depending on being the crater simple or complex and on the stage of erosion.

Lake Classification Based on Water Source

  1. (1)

    Meteoric source (rain, snow): suggested for Titan (Aharonson et al. 2009) and Mars, where it may have formed transient lakes (Kite et al. 2011).

     
  2. (2)

    Source at the surface (streams, springs): in the case of Mars, lakes formed by breaching of the crater wall by inlet channels –  outflow channels or  valley networks– with accompanying sedimentation in the crater basin. If the inflow volume exceeds the crater’s capacity, water...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Ramy El Maarry
    • 1
  • Gino Erkeling
    • 2
  • Ákos Kereszturi
    • 3
  • Henrik Hargitai
    • 4
  1. 1.Physikalisches InstitutBern UniversitätBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institut für PlanetologieWestfälische Wilhelms-UniversitätMünsterGermany
  3. 3.Konkoly Thege Miklos Astronomical InstituteResearch Centre for Astronomy and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary
  4. 4.NASA Ames Research Center/NPPMoffett FieldUSA