Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Colluvial Deposit

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_55

Synonyms

Colluvial depositional system; Colluvial mantle; Colluvial soil;  Colluvium;  Debris slope; Hillslope (or hillside) deposits; Scree (UK);  Slope mantle;  Slope-waste deposits; Talus (US)

Definition

A sedimentary deposit composed of surface mantle that has accumulated toward the base of a slope as a result of transport by gravity and non-channelized flow.

Description

The International Geomorphological Association recognizes colluvium as a hillslope deposit resulting from two general nonexclusive processes (Goudie 2004). Rainwash, sheetwash, or creep can generate sediment accumulations at the base of gentle slopes; or non-channelized flow can initiate sheet erosion and toe-slope sediment accumulation. The term “colluvium” is frequently applied broadly to include mass wasting deposits in a variety of topographic and climatic settings. For example, Blikra and Nemec (1998) describe colluvium as any “clastic slope-waste material, typically coarse grained and immature, deposited in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographySyracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA