Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Rootless Cone/Vent

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_529

Definition

Rootless vents are volcanic exit points of fragmented particles (pyroclasts) derived from an explosion that is not directly connected to vertical conduit and magma source (Bruno et al. 2004; Keszthelyi and Self 1998; Lanagan et al. 2001; Self et al. 1996; Sheth et al. 2004). The fragmented pyroclastic deposits accumulating around the rootless vent is the rootless cone.

Synonyms

Description

Rootless cones and vents are referring only to the fact that the volcanic landform associated with them has not been fed directly by vertical magmatic feeder networks. The type of lateral feeding and style of magma fragmentation therefore determine the texture of deposits, size, and general volcanic architecture of the rootless cone.

Morphometry

Rootless cones are generally smaller than  cinder cones. They are most commonly in the same size range as lava  spatter cones.

Subtypes on Earth

  1. (1)

     Hornito: lava flow surface morphology features that are formed...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Agriculture and Environment, Volcanic Risk SolutionsMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand