Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_409


 Canal;  Cleft;  Furrow;  Groove; Rill (obsolete)


  1. (1)
    Sinuous (volcanic, lava channels)  Sinuous rille
    1. (1.1)

      Rille in rille (nested channel or channel-in-valley structure,  terrace;  channel)

  2. (2)

    Straight and arcuate (tectonic, graben)  Linear rille


History of Investigation

The largest (widest) sinuous rille on the Moon, Schröter’s Valley, was first sketched by Christiaan Huygens, but his manuscript drawings were not published until 1925 (Ashworth 1989). Some scientists may have known about the lunar drawings of Giovanni Domenico Cassini which showed the Alpine Valley as it was observed by Giovanni Bianchini on Sept. 22, 1727 (Birt 1867), but these discoveries were less known. For most astronomers, the true discoverer of this rille was Schröter. Julius Schmidt, in his catalog of rilles (Schmidt 1866), ascribes the discovery of the first rille to Schröter, who “on October 7, 1787, discovered the very curious serpentine cleft near Herodotus, having a few nights...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NASA Ames Research Center/NPPMoffett FieldUSA