Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Canyon Lake (Mars)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_34

Definition

Putative liquid water bodies that may have ponded in Martian  canyons in the past (Warner et al. 2013; Lucchitta 2010), inferred from intra-chasma  interior-layered deposits interpreted as being lacustrine sediments (Lucchitta 1982, 2009).

Synonyms

Rift paleolake (Mangold and Ansan 2006).

Formation

Formation models of canyon lakes:
  1. (1)

    Low-standing shallow canyon lakes or playas (Lucchitta 1982). These may have been recharged in the subsurface from the global groundwater table derived from the polar ice.

     
  2. (2)
    High-standing km-deep water-filled canyon lakes, probably ice covered. Possible lacustrine deposits (  interior-layered deposits) have been identified within canyons and valleys on volcanoes, at a higher elevation than the base of the polar-layered deposits, precluding the possibility that – unlike  crater lakes – these lakes received water from the global groundwater system derived from the basal melting of ice-rich polar deposits (Carr 2002). Possible local sources...
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References

  1. Carr MH (1995) The Martian drainage system and the origin of valley networks and fretted channels. J Geophys Res 100:7479–7507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carr MH (2002) Elevations of water-worn features on Mars: implications for circulation of groundwater. J Geophys Res 107:14-1–14-11. doi:10.1029/ 2002JE001845Google Scholar
  3. Coleman NM, Dinwiddie CL, Casteel K (2007a) High outflow channels on Mars indicate Hesperian recharge at low latitudes and the presence of Canyon Lake. Icarus 189:344–361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Coleman NM, Dinwiddie CL, Baker VR (2007b) Evidence that floodwaters filled and overflowed Capri Chasma, Mars. Geophys Res Lett 34:L07201. doi:10.1029/2006GL028872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Harrison KP, Chapman MG (2008) Evidence for ponding and catastrophic floods in central Valles Marineris, Mars. Icarus 198(2):351–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lucchitta BK (1982) Lakes or playas in Valles Marineris. NASA technical memorandum, NASA TM-85127, Washington, DC, pp 233–234Google Scholar
  7. Lucchitta BK (2009) Lakes in Valles Marineris, Mars (II): valleys, channels, shallow lakes, and age. In: Abstracts of papers submitted to the 40th lunar and planetary science conference, The Woodlands, Texas, p 2345Google Scholar
  8. Lucchitta BK (2010) Lakes in Valles Marineris. In: Cabrol NA, Grin EA (eds) Lakes on Mars. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 111–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mangold N, Ansan V (2006) Detailed study of an hydrological system of valleys, a delta and lakes in the Southwest Thaumasia region, Mars. Icarus 180:75–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Metz JM, Grotzinger JP, Mohrig D, Milliken RE, Prather B, Pirmez C, McEwen AS, Weitz CM (2009) Sublacustrine depositional fans in southwest Melas Chasma. J Geophys Res 114:E10002. doi:10.1029/ 2009JE003365CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Quantin C, Allemand P, Mangold N, Dromart G, Delacourt C (2005) Fluvial and lacustrine activity on layered deposits in Melas Chasma, Valles Marineris, Mars. J Geophys Res 110:E12S19. doi:10.1029/2005JE002440Google Scholar
  12. Warner NH, Sowe M, Gupta S, Dumke A, Goddard K (2013) Fill and spill of giant lakes in the eastern Valles Marineris region of Mars. Geology. doi:10.1130/G34172.1Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Konkoly Thege Miklos Astronomical InstituteResearch Centre for Astronomy and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary
  2. 2.NASA Ames Research Center/NPPMoffett FieldUSA