Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Canyon Lake (Mars)

  • Ákos Kereszturi
  • Henrik Hargitai
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_34


Putative liquid water bodies that may have ponded in Martian  canyons in the past (Warner et al. 2013; Lucchitta 2010), inferred from intra-chasma  interior-layered deposits interpreted as being lacustrine sediments (Lucchitta 1982, 2009).


Rift paleolake (Mangold and Ansan 2006).


Formation models of canyon lakes:
  1. (1)

    Low-standing shallow canyon lakes or playas (Lucchitta 1982). These may have been recharged in the subsurface from the global groundwater table derived from the polar ice.

  2. (2)
    High-standing km-deep water-filled canyon lakes, probably ice covered. Possible lacustrine deposits (  interior-layered deposits) have been identified within canyons and valleys on volcanoes, at a higher elevation than the base of the polar-layered deposits, precluding the possibility that – unlike  crater lakes – these lakes received water from the global groundwater system derived from the basal melting of ice-rich polar deposits (Carr 2002). Possible local sources...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Konkoly Thege Miklos Astronomical InstituteResearch Centre for Astronomy and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary
  2. 2.NASA Ames Research Center/NPPMoffett FieldUSA