Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Cave

  • Mirona Chirienco
  • Aurel Perşoiu
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_32

Definition

“A natural opening in the earth, large enough to admit a human being” (White 1998).

Description

Continuous subsurface void space detected by their morphology and thermal behavior that is distinct from the surrounding terrain.

Subtypes

  1. (1)

    Solution caves.

     
  2. (2)

    Volcanic caves.

     
  3. (3)

    Caves formed by mechanical processes (talus or tectonic caves).

     
  4. (4)

    Glacier caves.

     
  5. (5)

    Ice caves. For further types, see White and Culver (2012).

     

Formation

  1. (1)

    Solution caves that form as rocks (limestone, dolomite, gypsum) are dissolved by acids (e.g., carbonic or various organic and inorganic acids) (Katzer 1909; Vahrushev 2009), along fissures, cracks, joints, bedding planes, etc. (e.g., Grund 1910; Cvijič 1924; see also Ford and Williams 2007, for a detailed discussion).

     
  2. (2)
    Volcanic caves (e.g., lava tube caves (Fig. 1), also called   lava tubes) are produced by the fast solidification of the upper (i.e., outer) surface of the moving lava while the inner part might flow out and leave...
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References

  1. Balch ES (1900) Glacieres or freezing caverns. Allen, Lane & Scott, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  2. Cushing GE, Titus TN (2010) Caves on mars: candidate sites for astrobiological exploration. In: Astrobiology science conference #5414Google Scholar
  3. Cvijič I (1924) The erosion of lapiez. Geogr Rev, 14Google Scholar
  4. Dubljanskij VN, Dubljanskaja GN (2004) Karst science. Part 1. [in Russian] Perm.Google Scholar
  5. Ford DC, Williams P (2007) Karst hydrogeology and geomorphology. Wiley, HobokenCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Grund A (1910) Das Karstphӓnomen. Geologische Charakterbilder, hg. Von Dr. H. Stillt, Berlin, H. 3Google Scholar
  7. Gulley JD, Fountain AG (2012) Glacier caves. In: White WB, Culver DC (eds) Encyclopedia of caves. Academic, New York, pp 353–357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gvozdetskij NA (1981) Karst. “Thought-Mislj” [in Russian]. МoscowGoogle Scholar
  9. Halliday WR (2007) Pseudokarst in the 21st century. J Cave Karst Stud 69(1):103–113Google Scholar
  10. Katzer F (1909) Karst und Karsthydrographie. Zur Kunde der Balkanhalbinsel. D. A. Kajon, SarajevoGoogle Scholar
  11. Leveille R, Datta S (2010) Lava tubes and basaltic caves as astrobiological targets on Earth and Mars: a review. Planet Space Sci 58:592–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Perşoiu A, Onac BP (2012) Ice in caves. In: White W, Culver DC (eds) Encyclopedia of caves. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 399–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Perşoiu A, Pazdur A (2011) Ice genesis and its long-term mass balance and dynamics in Scărişoara ice cave, Romania. The Cryosphere 5(1):45–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Perşoiu A, Onac BP, Wynn JG, Zák K (2011) Ice caves on earth – analogues for (Sub) surface conditions on Mars. In: First international planetary cave research workshop #8016, CarlsbadGoogle Scholar
  15. Rodriguez JAP et al. (2012) Infiltration of Martian outflow channel floodwaters into lowland cavernous systems. Geophys Res Lett 39:L22201, doi:10.1029/2012GL053225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Vahrushev BA (2009) About the genetic content of the karst relief-forming process. Speleologiya and Karstologiya 2:30–34 (Speleology and Karst science [in Russian])Google Scholar
  17. White WB (1998) Geomorphology and hydrology of Karst terrains. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. White WB, Culver DC (2012) Cave, definition of. In: White WB, Culver DC (eds) Encyclopedia of caves. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 103–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Williams KE, McKay CPM, Toon OB, Head JW (2010) Do ice caves exist on Mars? Icarus 209:358–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Yonge C (2004) Ice in caves. In: Gunn J (ed) Encyclopedia of cave and Karst science. Fitzroy Dearborn, New York, pp 435–437Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Science and Technology GroupOkinawa Institute of Science and TechnologyOnna-son, OkinawaJapan
  2. 2.Stable Isotope LaboratoryŞtefan cel Mare UniversitySuceavaRomania