Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Red Spot (Moon)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_303

Definition

Lunar red spots are a class of spectral anomalies on the nearside of the Moon (Fig. 1) that are characterized by high albedo and strong absorption in the ultraviolet (Whitaker 1972; Head and McCord 1978).
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Bonin B, Bebien J, Masson P (2002) Granite: a planetary point of view. Gondwana Res 5(2):261–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bruno BC, Lucey PG, Hawke BR (1991) High resolution UV-visible spectroscopy of lunar red spots. Lunar Planet Sci Conf 21:405–415, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  3. Chevrel SD, Pinct PC, Head JW (1999) Gruithuisen domes region: a candidate for an extended nonmare volcanism unit on the Moon. J Geophys Res 104(E7):16515–16529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Glotch TD, Lucey PG, Bandfield JL, Greenhagen BT, Thomas IR, Elphic RC, Bowles N, Wyatt MB, Allen CC, Hanna KD, Paige DA (2010) Highly silicic compositions on the Moon. Science 329:1510–1513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Glotch TD et al (2011) The Mairan domes: silicic volcanic constructs on the Moon. Geophys Res Lett 38, L21204. doi:10.1029/2011GL049548CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hagerty JJ, Lawrence DJ, Hawke BR, Vaniman DT, Elphic RC, Feldman WC (2006) Refined thorium abundances for lunar red spots: implications for evolved, nonmare volcanism on the Moon. J Geophys Res 111, E06002. doi:10.1029/2005JE002592Google Scholar
  7. Hawke BR, Blewett DT, Lucey PG, Smith GA, Taylor GJ, Lawrence DJ, Spudis PD (2001) Remote sensing studies of selected spectral anomalies on the Moon. Lunar Planet Sci XXXII, abstract #1249, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  8. Hawke BR, Lawrence DJ, Blewett DT, Lucey PG, Smith GA, Spudis PD, Taylor GJ (2003) Hansteen alpha: a volcanic construct in the lunar highlands. J Geophys Res 108(E7):5069. doi:10.1029/2002JE002013CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Head JW, McCord TB (1978) Imbrian-age highland volcanism on the Moon; the Gruithuisen and Mairan domes. Science 199(4336):1433–1436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hess PC (1989) Origins of igneous rocks. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  11. Hess PC, Rutherford MJ, Guillemette RN, Ryerson FJ, Tuchfeld HA (1975) Residual products of fractional crystallization in lunar magmas: an experimental study. Lunar Planet Sci 6:895–910, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  12. Hildreth W (1981) Gradients in silicic magma chambers’ implications for lithospheric magmatism. J Geophys Res 86(BII):10153–10192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hörz F, Grieve R, Heiken G, Spudis P, Binder A (1991) Lunar surface processes. In: Heiken GH, Vaniman DT, French BM (eds) Lunar sourcebook. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  14. Jolliff BL (1991) Fragments of quartz monzodiorite and felsite in Apollo 14 soil particles. Lunar Planet Sci Conf 21:101–118, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  15. Jolliff BL (1998) Large-scale separation of K-frac and REEP-frac in the source regions of Apollo impact-melt breccias and a revised estimate of the KREEP composition. Int Geol Rev 40:916–935CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jolliff BL, Gillis JJ, Haskin LA, Korotev RL, Wieczorek MA (2000) Major lunar crustal terranes: surface expressions and crust-mantle origins. J Geophys Res 105(E2):4197–4216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jolliff BL et al (2011) Non-mare silicic volcanism on the lunar farside at Compton-Belkovich. Nat Geosci 4:566–571. doi:10.1038/NGEO1212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Longhi J (1990) Silicate liquid immiscibility in isothermal crystallization experiments. Lunar Planet Sci Conf 20, Geochim Cosmochim Acta Supp 16:13–24, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  19. Malin MC (1974) Lunar red spots: possible pre-mare materials. Earth Planet Sci Lett 21:331–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Neal CR, Taylor LA (1989) The nature of barium partitioning between immiscible melts: a comparison of experimental and natural systems with reference to lunar granite petrogenesis. Lunar Planet Sci Conf 19:209–218, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  21. Papike JJ, Ryder G, Shearer CK (1998) Lunar samples. Rev Mineral 36:5-01–5-189Google Scholar
  22. Rutherford MJ, Hess PC, Daniel GH (1974) Experimental liquid line of descent and liquid immiscibility for basalt 70017. Proc. Lunar Sci. Conf., 5th, 569–583Google Scholar
  23. Shearer CK, Papike JJ, Spilde MN (2001) Trace element partitioning between immiscible lunar melts: an example from naturally occurring lunar melt inclusions. Am Mineral 86:238–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Shervais JW, McGee JJ (1999) Petrology of the western highland province; ancient crust formation at the Apollo 14 site. J Geophys Res 104(E3):5891–5920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Taylor GJ, Warner RE, Keil K, Ma M-S, Schmitt RA (1980) Silicate liquid immiscibility, evolved lunar rocks and the formation of KREEP. In: Proceedings of the conference on the lunar highlands crust, pp 339–352Google Scholar
  26. Wagner R, Head JW, Wolf U, Neukum G (2002) Stratigraphic sequences and ages of volcanic units in the Gruithuisen region of the Moon. J Geophys Res 107(E11):5104. doi:10.1029/2002JE001844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wagner R, Head JW, Wolf U, Neukum G (2004) The Hansteen and Helmet volcanic dome regions on the Moon: stratigraphy and ages. Lunar Planet Sci XXXV, abstract #1842, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  28. Warren PH, Jerde EA, Kalleymeyn GW (1987) Pristine Moon rocks: a “large” felsite and a metal-rich ferroan anorthosite. Lunar Planet Sci Conf 17th J Geophys Res 92(B4):E303–E313, HoustonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Whitaker EA (1972) Lunar color boundaries and their relationship to topographic features: a preliminary survey. Moon 4:348–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wilson L, Head JW (2003) Lunar Gruithuisen and Mairan domes: rheology and mode of emplacement. J Geophys Res 108(E2):5012. doi:10.1029/2002JE001909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wood CA, Head JW (1975) Geologic setting and provenance of spectrally distinct pre-mare material of possible volcanic origin. In: Conference on origins of mare basalts, Lunar Science Institute, Houston, pp 189–193Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.United States Geological Survey, Astrogeology Science CenterFlagstaffUSA