Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Pyroclastic Deposits

  • Justin Filiberto
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_284

Definition

Pyroclastic rocks are “fragmental volcanic products in which the fragmentation of lava or rock and the ejection of the fragments from the vent are both due to explosive volcanic activity” (Sparks and Walker 1973).

Category

A type of  volcaniclastic deposit.

Synonyms

Tephra (ash, Greek) (Thorarinsson 1954)

Subtypes of Pyroclasts by Particle Size

On Earth if the deposits have >75 % of grains <2 mm, it is ash (or tuff, if consolidated); if 2–64 mm, it is lapilli (if consolidated: lapillistone); if >64 mm, they are blocks (or bombs) (if consolidated: breccia) (Busby et al. 2006).

Subtypes based on mode of transportation (Fig. 1):
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeologySouthern Illinois University CarbondaleCarbondaleUSA