Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Pyroclastic Cone

  • Petr BrožEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_283

Definition

Cone formed by the accumulation of pyroclastic deposits (Wood 1979b); a morphologically wide group of different volcanic landforms. The term pyroclastic cone is also used in the strict sense for  cinder cones (e.g., Kervyn et al. 2012).

Description

Features associated with central pit craters, which formed by the explosive ejection of pyroclastic material from vents and central craters (Head 1975). Typically range from a few tens of meters to few hundreds in height with cone diameters up to several kilometers (Wood 1979b; Brož and Hauber 2012 and references therein); however, morphological properties between different types of pyroclastic cones are significantly variable depending on the formation mechanism (Wood 1979b; Wohletz and Sheridan 1983). Typically terrestrial volcanic fields of pyroclastic cones are formed by several different types of cones overlapping each other (e.g., Pinacate Volcanic Field in Mexico, cinder cones, tuff rings, and maars).

Morphometry

Terrestrial...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geophysics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPragueCzech Republic