Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Aeolian Dust Deposits

  • Steven W. RuffEmail author
  • Alexey A. Pankine
  • Gabriella Barta
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_2

Definition

A sedimentary deposit produced from the finest (silt-sized) fraction of planetary regolith that is carried in suspension and distributed by atmospheric activity.

Synonyms

Description

Aeolian dust deposits are distinguished from other aeolian deposits by their composition of dust-sized particles (diameters smaller than 62.5 μm) transported via atmospheric suspension rather than sand-sized particles (62.5–2,000 μm) transported via creep, reptation, or saltation, which create dunes or ripples. On Mars they cover continent-sized regions that are recognized by their relatively high-albedo (>0.27) and low-thermal inertia properties (<100 Jm −2 s −1/2 K −1) indicative of uncemented particles in the size range 2–40 μm Christensen ( 1986) (Fig. 1).
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven W. Ruff
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alexey A. Pankine
    • 2
  • Gabriella Barta
    • 3
  1. 1.Mars Space Flight Facility, School of Earth and Space ExplorationArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.Space Science InstitutePasadenaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Physical GeographyEötvös Loránd University, Institute of Geography and Earth SciencesBudapestHungary