Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Rubble Piles on Patterned Ground (Mars)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_16


Polygonal patterned ground with localized collections of rocks and boulders (Levy et al. 2008b; Mellon et al. 2008).


Related Terms

Basketball texture/terrain: a resolution-dependent descriptive term that describes terrains reminiscent of the texture of a basketball at MOC resolution on Mars (Fig. 1) (Malin and Edgett 2001); Rubble pile terrain (Mellon et al. 2008).
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Head JW, Mustard JF, Kreslavsky MA, Milliken RE, Marchant DR (2003) Recent ice ages on Mars. Nature 426:797–802. doi:10.1038/nature02114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Kreslavsky MA, Head JW (2002) Mars: nature and evolution of young latitude-dependent water-ice-rich mantle. Geophys Res Lett 29:15. doi:10.1029/2002GL015392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Lefort A, Russel PS, Thomas N (2010) Scalloped terrains in the Peneus and Amphitrites Paterae region of Mars as observed by HiRISE. Icarus 205:259–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Levy JS, Head JW, Marchant DR (2008a) Mars thermal contraction crack polygon classification and distribution: Morphological characterization at HiRISE resolution. Lunar Planet Sci XXIX, abstract #1171, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  5. Levy JS, Head JW, Marchant DR (2008b) The role of thermal contraction crack polygons in cold-desert fluvial systems. Antarct Sci 20(6):565–579. doi:10.1017/S0954102008001375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Levy JS, Head JW, Marchant DR (2008c) Origin and arrangement of boulders on the Martian Northern Plains: assessment of emplacement and modification environments. Lunar Planet Sci XXXIX, abstract #1172, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  7. Levy JS, Marchant DR, Head JW (2010) Thermal contraction crack polygons on Mars: a synthesis from HiRISE, Phoenix, and terrestrial analog studies. Icarus 206:229–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Malin MC, Edgett KS (2001) Mars global surveyor Mars orbiter camera: interplanetary cruise through primary mission. J Geophys Res 106(E10):23429–23540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mellon MT, Searls ML, Martinez-Alonso S et al (2007) HIRISE observations of patterned ground on Mars. Seventh international conference on Mars #3285, PasadenaGoogle Scholar
  10. Mellon MT, Arvodson RE, Marlow JJ, Phillips RJ, Asphaug E (2008) Periglacial landforms at the Phoenix landing site and the northern plains of Mars. J Geophys Res 113:E00A23. doi:10.1029/2007JE003039Google Scholar
  11. Orloff T, Kreslavsky M, Asphaug E, Korteniemi J (2011) Boulder movement at high northern latitudes of Mars. J Geophys Res Planets 116:E11006CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Orloff TC, Kreslavsky MA, Asphaug EI (2013) Possible mechanism of boulder clustering on Mars. Icarus 225:992–999CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NASA Ames Research Center/NPPMoffett FieldUSA