Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Crater Chain (Type)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_104


Row of circular depressions.

Subtypes by Formation

  1. (1)

     Secondary crater chains: The ejecta of large, basin-forming impacts usually radial to their source basin, containing craters that overlap sequentially outward (McEwen and Bierhaus 2006 and references therein). Secondary crater chains are distinguished from endogenic features (pit crater chains) by the well-defined rims on the regular and circular craters and the presence of chains in nonvolcanic regions (Wichman and Wood 1995; McKinnon and Schenk 1995).

  2. (2)

     Crater chain (impact, primary): Impacts of fragments of a tidally disrupted body, when an asteroid or comet with low tensile strength is pulled apart by tides during a close approach to a planet, separating into a train of fragments.

  3. (3)

     Pit crater chain, pit chain (endogenic): Surficial collapse into subterranean cavities generally observed in regions that have experienced extension.


Examples of Crater Chains of Uncertain Origin

Moon: The Davy crater chain...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lunar and Planetary InstituteHoustonUSA