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Sleep Disorders

  • Michael Thorpy
  • Chi George Zhao
Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter describes the major classes of sleep disorders in the adult population. There are medical conditions and an extensive list of medications and substances that may lead to any of the following sleep disorders. Refer to the suggested reading list for details on pediatric sleep disorders; sleep disorders due to medical condition, medication, or substance use; as well as the treatment of sleep disorders.

Keywords

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Central Sleep Apnea Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Periodic Limb Movement Disorder Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AASM

American Academy of Sleep Medicine

AHI

Apnea/hypopnea index

CRSD ASP

Circadian rhythm sleep disorders, advanced sleep phase type

CRSD DSP

Circadian rhythm sleep disorders, delayed sleep phase type

CRSD

Circadian rhythm sleep disorders

CSA

Central sleep apnea

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

EDS

Excessive daytime sleepiness

EEG

Electroencephalography

EMG

Electromyography

GABA

Hypothalamic γ-aminobutyric acid

HLA

Human leukocyte antigen

KLS

Kleine-Levin syndrome

MSLT

Mean sleep latency test

NREM

Nonrapid eye movement

OSA

Obstructive sleep apnea

PaCO2

Arterial carbon dioxide tension

PET

Positron emission tomography

PLMD

Periodic limb movement disorder

PLMS

Periodic limb movement in sleep

PSG

Polysomnograph

PTSD

Posttraumatic stress disorder

RBD

Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder

REM

Rapid eye movement

RLS

Restless legs syndrome

SOREMP

Sleep-onset rapid eye movement period

SWS

Slow-wave sleep

VLPO

Ventrolateral preoptic

Further Reading

  1. American Academy of Sleep Medicine (2005) International classification of sleep disorders: diagnostic and coding manual, 2nd edn. American Academy of Sleep Medicine, WestchesterGoogle Scholar
  2. Avidan AY, Zee PC (2006) Handbook of sleep medicine. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  3. Carney PR, Berry RB, Geyer JD (eds) (2005) Clinical sleep disorders. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  4. Chokroverty S (ed) (2009) Sleep disorders medicine: basic science, technical considerations, and clinical aspects, 3rd edn. Saunders, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  5. Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC (eds) (2011) Principles and practice of sleep medicine, 5th edn. Saunders, St. LouisGoogle Scholar
  6. Thorpy MJ (ed) (2007) Continuum: lifelong learning in neurology, sleep disorders. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  7. Thorpy MJ, Billiard M (eds) (2011) Sleepiness: causes, consequences and treatment. Cambridge University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Thorpy MJ, Plazzi G (eds) (2010) The parasomnias and other sleep-related movement disorders. Cambridge University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyAlbert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical CenterBronxUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyMontefiore Medical Center, Sleep Wake Disorders CenterBronxUSA

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