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Hormone Effects on Behavior

Reference work entry

Abstract

During the last century, clues that hormones might affect behavior arose both from laboratory experiments and in the clinic. Frank Beach, working with animals at the University of California, Berkeley, demonstrated the activation of male sexual behavior by testosterone injections, as well as the facilitation of female sexual behavior by treatments with estrogens and progesterone. In the clinic, it was clear that hyperthyroid patients could be nervous and irritable, while hypothyroid patients would be sluggish and dull. As well, eunuchs (lacking testosterone from the testes) had no libido, and thus, clinical experience went hand in hand with Beach’s experimental demonstration.

Keywords

Precocious Puberty Oxytocin Receptor Stria Terminalis Medial Preoptic Area Medial Amygdala 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

a-MSH

A-melanocyte-stimulating hormone

ACTH

Adrenocorticotropin hormone

ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

AgRP

Agouti-related peptide

cAMP

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate

CA

Cornu ammonis region (hippocampus)

CCK

Cholecystokinin

CRH

Corticotropin-releasing hormone

DHT

Dihydrotestosterone

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid

E2

Estradiol

EPM

Elevated-plus maze

ER

Estrogen receptor

GAD

Generalized anxiety disorder

HPA

Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal

HPG

Hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal

HPT

Hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid

mRNA

Messenger ribonucleic acid

NPY

Neuropeptide Y

P

Postnatal day

PTSD

Posttraumatic stress disorder

PVN

Paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus

SNP

Small nucleotide polymorphism

Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Neurobiology and BehaviorThe Rockefeller UniversityNew YorkUSA

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