Encyclopedia of Metalloproteins

2013 Edition
| Editors: Robert H. Kretsinger, Vladimir N. Uversky, Eugene A. Permyakov

Rubidium in Biological Systems and Medicine

  • Valery V. Kupriyanov
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1533-6_331



Chemical symbols of ions (Na+, K+, Rb+, Li+) in square brackets: concentrations of free ions; subscripts “in” and “out”: intracellular and extracellular concentrations, respectively. Infarct/infarction: nonviable organ area; ischemia: insufficient blood supply to organ area. NMR: nuclear magnetic resonance, which involves MRS and MRI, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging, respectively. T1and T2: longitudinal and transverse relaxation times of NMR-sensitive nuclei, respectively. Perfusion: supply of blood or its substitute (perfusate) into the vascular system of an organ (e.g., heart, kidney, liver). Revascularization: opening of obstructed vessel(s) and restoration of blood flow (reperfusion).


Rubidium (symbol Rb) is the 37th element of the 1st group of the periodic chart, closest analog of an alkali metal,...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Biodiagnostics, National Research CouncilWinnipegCanada