Congenital Toxoplasmosis

Reference work entry


Fatigue Thrombocytopenia Triad Cataract Hydrocephalus 


  1. Alford, C. A., Jr., Stagno, S., & Reynolds, D. W. (1974). Congenital toxoplasmosis: Clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic considerations with special reference to subclinical disease. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 50, 160–181.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. American Academy of Pediatrics. (2000). Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases: Toxoplasmosis. Red Book 2000, pp. 583–586. Elk Grove Village, IL. Google Scholar
  3. Antsaklis, A., Daskalakis, G., Papantoniou, N., et al. (2002). Prenatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. Prenatal Diagnosis, 22, 1107–1111.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bale, J. F., Jr. (2002). Congenital infections. Neurologic Clinics, 20, 1039–1060.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beasley, D. M., & Egerman, R. S. (1998). Toxoplasmosis. Seminars in Perinatology, 22, 332–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Black, M. W., & Boothroyd, J. C. (2000). Lytic cycle of Toxoplasma gondii. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, 64, 607–623.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Daffos, F., Forestier, F., Capella-Pavlovsky, M., et al. (1988). Prenatal management of 746 pregnancies at risk for congenital toxoplasmosis. The New England Journal of Medicine, 318, 271–275.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Desmonts, G., & Couvreur, J. (1974). Congenital toxoplasmosis: A prospective study of 378 pregnancies. The New England Journal of Medicine, 290, 1110–1116.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Foulon, W., Pinon, J.-M., Stray-Pedersen, B., et al. (1999). Prenatal diagnosis of congenital Toxoplasmosis: A multicenter evaluation of different diagnostic parameter. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 181, 843–847.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Foulon, W., Villena, I., Stray-Pedersen, B., et al. (1999). Treatment of toxoplasmosis during pregnancy: A multicenter study of impact on fetal transmission and children’s sequelae at age 1 year. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 190, 410–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fricker-Hidalgo, H., Pelloux, H., Muet, F., et al. (1997). Prenatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis: Comparative value of fetal blood and amniotic fluid using serological techniques and cultures. Prenatal Diagnosis, 17, 831–835.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Guerina, N. G., Hsu, H.-W., Meissner, H. C., et al. (1994). Neonatal serologic screening and early treatment for congenital Toxoplasma Gondii infection. The New England Journal of Medicine, 330, 1858–1863.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hall, S. M. (1992). Congenital toxoplasmosis. British Medical Journal, 305, 291–297.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hezard, N., Marx-Chemla, C., Foudrinier, F., et al. (1997). Prenatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis in 261 pregnancies. Prenatal Diagnosis, 17, 1047–1054.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hohlfeld, P., Daffos, F., Thulliez, P., et al. (1989). Fetal toxoplasmosis: Outcome of pregnancy and infant follow-up after in utero treatment. Journal of Pediatrics, 115, 765–769.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hohlfeld, P., Dafos, F., Costa, J. M., et al. (1994). Prenatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis with a polymerase-chain-reaction test on amniotic fluid. The New England Journal of Medicine, 331, 695–699.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hovakimyan, A., & Cunningham, E. T., Jr. (2002). Ocular toxoplasmosis. Ophthalmology Clinics of North America, 15, 327–332.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jones, J., Lopez, A., & Wilson, M. (2000). Congenital toxoplasmosis. American Family Physician, 67, 2131–2138.Google Scholar
  19. Kuhlmann, R. S., & Autry, A. M. (2001). An approach to nonbacterial infections in pregnancy. Clinics in Family Practice, 3, 267–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lopez, A., Dietz, V. J., Wilson, M., et al. (2000). Preventing congenital toxoplasmosis. Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report, 49(RR-2), 57.Google Scholar
  21. Lynfield, R., & Eaton, R. B. (1995). Teratogen update: Congenital toxoplasmosis. Teratology, 52, 176–180.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Melamed, J., Eckert, G., Spadoni, V. S., et al. (2010). Ocular manifestations of congenital toxoplasmosis. Eye, 24, 528–534.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Metz, M. B. (2001). Eye manifestations of intrauterine infections. Ophthalmology Clinics of North America, 14, 521–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Naessens, A., Jenum, P. A., Pollak, A., et al. (1999). Diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis in the neonatal period: A multicenter evaluation. Journal of Pediatrics, 135, 714–719.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pataki, M., Meszner, Z., & Todorova, R. (2000). Congenital toxoplasmosis. International Pediatrics, 15, 33–36.Google Scholar
  26. Patel, D. V., Holfels, E. M., Vogel, N. P., et al. (1996). Resolution of intracranial calcifications in infants with treated congenital toxoplasmosis. Radiology, 199, 433–440.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Rabilloud, M., Wallon, M., & Peyron, F. (2010). In utero and at birth diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. Use of likelihood ratios for clinical management. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 29, 421–425.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Remington, J. S. (1974). Toxoplasmosis in the adult. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 50, 211–227.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Robert-Gangnex, F., Dupretz, P., Yvenou, C., et al. (2010). Clinical relevance of placenta examination for the diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 29, 33–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Roizen, N., Swisher, C. N., Stein, M. A., et al. (1995). Neurologic and developmental outcome in treated congenital toxoplasmosis. Pediatrics, 95, 11–20.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Sever, J. L., Ellenberg, J. H., Ley, A. C., et al. (1988). Toxoplasmosis: Maternal and pediatric findings in 23,000 pregnancies. Pediatrics, 82, 181–192.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Wallon, M., Kodjikian, L., Binquet, C., et al. (2004). Long-term ocular prognosis in 327 children with congenital toxoplasmosis. Pediatrics, 113, 1567–1572.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wilson, C. B., & Remington, J. S. (1980). What can be done to prevent congenital toxoplasmosis? American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 138, 357–363.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Personalised recommendations