Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Schilt, Jan

  • Eugene F. Milone
Reference work entry

BornGouda, Netherlands, 3 February 1894

DiedEnglewood, New Jersey, USA, 9 January 1982

Jan Schilt pioneered precise photographic stellar photometry measurements with a device now known eponymously as the Schilt photometer. Schilt did his undergraduate studies at the University of Utrecht, obtaining a BSc degree in 1915, and received his PhD from Groningen University in 1924 under  Jacobus Kapteyn. He was an Assistant Astronomer at Leiden Observatory from 1922 to 1925. He and his wife emigrated to the United States in 1925. Schilt served first on the International Education Board at Mount Wilson Observatory and was then invited by Frank Schlesinger to Yale University, where he was Instructor and Assistant Professor from 1926 to 1931. In July 1931, he accepted a position as Associate Professor of Astronomy on the faculty of Columbia College and in the Faculty of Pure Science at Columbia University. He became Director of the Rutherfurd Observatory and the Head of the Astronomy Department...

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It is a pleasure to acknowledge the assistance of Jocelyn K. Wilk, Public Services Archivist, Columbia University Archives.

Selected References

  1. Schilt, J. (1922).“A thermo-electric method of measuring photographic magnitudes,” Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of the Netherlands, 1, No. 10, 51–52.ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. — (1924) “On a Thermo-electric Method of Measuring Photographic Magnitudes,” Publications of the Kapteyn Astronomical Laboratory of Groningen, No. 32, 35. pp.Google Scholar
  3. — (1926), “Two New Variable Stars of the Type of W Ursae Majoris,” Astrophysical Journal, 64, 215–224.Google Scholar
  4. Sterken, C., Milone, E. F., & Young, A. T. (2011). “Precision and Accuracy,” in Astronomical Photometry: Past, Present, and Future, E. F. Milone & C. Sterken, eds. (New York: Springer), pp. 7–8.Google Scholar
  5. Van de Kamp, P. (1982). “Jan Schilt,” Physics Today, 35, No. 6, pp. 67–68.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CalgaryCalgaryCanada