Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Schatzman, Evry Léon

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_9390

BornNeuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France, 16 September 1920

DiedParis, France, 25 April 2010

There is hardly a field of theoretical astrophysics that was not addressed by Evry Schatzman. He was a pioneer in the study of white dwarfs during the 1940s and was one of the proponents of the wave heating theory of the solar corona. He made important contributions to the fields of internal stellar structure, novae, mechanisms of acceleration of cosmic rays, the role of turbulent diffusion in stellar evolution and its consequences for the lithium abundance, and the rate of solar neutrinos. Schatzman is mostly recognized as the creator of the French school of theoretical astrophysics. Although he was not the first theoretician of astrophysics in his country, he was the first to have felt the need for a rapid development of this subject in France and the first to teach it and to guide the path of many young researchers. Many of them became involved, and some are leaders, in space science.

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Selected References

  1. Benjamin Schatzman, Journal d’un interné, Ed. Evry and Ruth Schatzman, Paris: Éditions Le Manuscrit, 2005.Google Scholar
  2. Evry Schatzman. The Desire To Understand the World, Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 34, 1–34 (1996).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Jean-Claude Pecker, Evry Schatzman, astrophysicien, Le Monde n°20300, 30 april 2010, page 23.Google Scholar
  4. Jean-Claude Pecker, Evry Schatzman Obituary, http://iau-c35.stsci.edu/News/index.html

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Observatoire de ParisMeudonFrance