Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Sajnovics, Johann

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_9369

Alternate Name

 Sajnovics, János

BornTordas (Hungary), 12 May 1733

DiedPest (Budapest, Hungary), 4 May 1785

Johann Sajnovics is best known in astronomy for observations of the transit of Venus in 1769. He is also known for work in linguistics.

Sajnovics was born in the small town of Tordas and received his first education from private tutors. At the age of 15 he entered the Jesuit order and studied theology, philology, and astronomy at the Jesuit College in Tyrnau (Trnava). This boasted a well-equipped observatory where, in 1766, Sajnovics was appointed assistant.  Maximilian Hell, who was the director of the Vienna Observatory, took a keen interest in the work of the Tyrnau observatory and became acquainted with Sajnovics, both men being of Hungarian origin.

Sajnovics’ participation in the expedition to observe the transit of Venus on 3 June 1769 was a turning point in his life. Hell undertook this expedition at the invitation of the Danish king, and when he departed for Vardoe...

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Notes

Acknowledgments

Translated by Peter Nockolds.

Selected References

  1. Kisbán, Emil (1943). Tordasi és kálózi Sajnovics János 1733–1785. Debrecen, Budapest.Google Scholar
  2. Kisbán, Emil (1943). Johann Sajnovics. Leben und Werk eines ungarischen Bahnbrechers und Gelehrten. Budapest.Google Scholar
  3. Littrow, Karl Ludwig (1835). P. Hell’s Reise nach Wardoe bei Lappland und seine Beobachtung des Venus-Durchganges im Jahre 1769. Wien.Google Scholar
  4. Reprint. With an Introduction by Thomas A. Sebeck. Bloomington, Indiana University 1968 (Indiana University Publications; Uralic and Altaic Series 91); Bloomington 1997.Google Scholar
  5. Sajnovics, Johann (1770). Demonstratio. Ideoma Ungarorum et Lapponum idem esse. Regiae Scientiarum Societati Danicae praelecta Hafniae mense Januario Anno MDCLXX. Kopenhagen and Tyrnau.Google Scholar
  6. Sajnovics, Johann. Beweis da die Sprache der Ungarn und Lappen dieselbe ist. Aus dem Lateinischen übertragen von Monika Ehlers. Mit Anm. und Nachwort hrsg. von Gyula Décsy und Wolfgang Veenker. Wiesbaden 1972 (Veröffentlichungen der Societats Uralo-Altaica 5).Google Scholar
  7. Sajnovics, Johann (1778). Idea astronomiae honoribus Regiae Universitatis Budensis dicata. Buda: Landerer; Reprint Székesfehérvár 1993.Google Scholar
  8. Die Geschichte der Universitätssternwarte Wien. Dargestellt anhand ihrer historischen Instrumente und eines Typoskripts von Johann Steinmayr. Hrsg. von Jürgen Hamel, Isolde Müller und Thomas Posch. Frankfurt a. M. 2010 (Acta Historica Astronomiae 38).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität LandauLandau in der PfalzGermany