Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr Isayevich

  • Alexander A. Gurshtein
Reference work entry

BornKislovodsk (Stavropol Krai), Russia, 11 December 1918

DiedMoscow, Russia, 3 August 2008

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was a great Russian novelist and intellectual. From his best-known books, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich and The Gulag Archipelago, he helped to raise global awareness of gulag – the Soviet forced labor camp system. As a punishment, he was expelled from the USSR (1974) and returned back to Russia only in 1994 after the Soviet system had collapsed. In 1970, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.

During Khrushchev’s “Thaw” after July 1957, Solzhenitsyn resided in the city of Ryazan and was a teacher of physics and astronomy in a local high school. He is a leading example of social responsibility embodied in a person with a background in mathematics, physics, and astronomy.

Selected Reference

  1. Scammell, Michael (1984). Solzhenitsyn: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander A. Gurshtein
    • 1
  1. 1.Vavilov Institute for History of Science & Technology, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia