Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Sobolev, Victor Victorovich

  • Alexander A. Gurshtein
Reference work entry

BornPetrograd (St. Petersburg), Russia, 20 August/2 September 1915

DiedSaint Petersburg, Russia, 7 January 1999

Victor Sobolev gave his name to the Sobolev approximation (in which continuum opacity is neglected when calculating spectral line profiles from rapidly flowing gas) and was one of the leading Soviet theorists in astrophysics in his time, as well as an outstanding pedagogue. He was the head of the modern prolific Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) astrophysical school. Today the Astronomical Institute of Saint Petersburg University is named after him. He graduated from Leningrad State University in 1938 and spent his entire life working for this university. From 1948, Sobolev was the chair of the Astrophysical Department. He became a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences from 1958. He was an academician from 1981. Never a member of the Communist Party, nevertheless Sobolev was awarded with the top Soviet decoration – Hero of Socialist Labor (1985).

Sobolev’s main...

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Selected References

  1. Ivanov, V. V. In memoriam V.V. Sobolev <> (In Russian).
  2. Sobolev, V. V., 1956 Radiation transfer within atmospheres of stars and planets (Perenos luchistoi energii v atmosferakh zvezd i planet). – Moscow (In Russian).Google Scholar
  3. Sobolev, V. V., 1960 Moving envelopes of stars. – Harvard University Press (Translation of the original Russian edition of 1947).Google Scholar
  4. Sobolev, V. V., 1969 Course in theoretical astrophysics. – NASA: Washington, DC, 493 pp. (Translation of the Russian Kurs teoreticheskoy astrofiziki, “Nauka” Press, Moscow, 1967).Google Scholar
  5. Sobolev, V. V., 1975 Light Scattering in Planetary Atmospheres (International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy, V. 76). – Pergamon Press, Oxford, 256 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander A. Gurshtein
    • 1
  1. 1.Vavilov Institute for History of Science & Technology, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia