Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Samanta Chandrasekhara Simha

Reference work entry

Alternate Name

 Pathani Samanta

BornKhandapara, Orissa, India, 13 December 1835


Samanta Chandrasekhara Simha was the last great naked-eye astronomer.

Siddhantas are traditional Indian models of the Universe and their resulting ephemerides. The beginning of the Siddhanta tradition is lost in time. However, we can say with some certainty that it reached its climax with Samanta Chandrasekhara Simha.

Samanta Chandrasekhara Simha became interested in the Siddhantas as a youth. (The titles “Harichandan Mohapatra” and later “Mahamahopadhaya” often are included in his name; these are honorifics.) He built simple astronomical instruments with which to observe astronomical events, but was disappointed that the old Siddhantas often failed in their predictions. With no Western astronomical education to guide him, Samanta Chandrasekhara Simha set about to create his own Siddhanta all by himself. The result was the Siddhanta Darpana, originally written on palm leaves, but eventually...

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Selected Reference

  1. Naik, P. C. and Satpathy, L. (1998). Samanta Chandra Sekhar: The Great Naked Eye Astronomer. Bulletin of the Astronomical Society of India 26: 33.ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth ScienceUniversity of Northern IowaCedar FallsUSA