Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Carlini, Francesco

  • Pasquale Tucci
Reference work entry

BornMilan, (Italy), 7 January 1783

DiedCrodo (Verbania, Piedmont), Italy, 29 August 1862

Francesco Carlini was director of the Brera Astronomical Observatory in Milan from 1832 to his death, contributing both to theoretical and practical astronomy. Carlini was born in Milan, son of an employee at the Brera library, which was housed in the same building as the observatory. As a young boy he was already performing calculations for the astronomers.  Barnaba Oriani, a Milanese astronomer, introduced him to astronomy. Oriani was famous for his contributions to the first determination of a circular orbit for Uranus. For more than 40 years Oriani directed the scientific work of the Brera astronomers and maintained relations with most European astronomers. Carlini was admitted to the observatory as a student when he was just 16, becoming “supernumerary” astronomer in 1804, astronomer (replacing Oriani) in 1816, and director in 1832, succeeding Angelo de Cesaris. When he died, he had spent a...

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Selected References

  1. Fröman, Nanny and Per Olof Fröman (1985). “On the History of the So-called WKB-method from 1817 to 1926.” In Semiclassical Descriptions of Atomic and Nuclear Collisions:Proceedings of the Niels Bohr Centennial Conference, edited by J. Bang and J. de Boer. Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
  2. Mandrino, Agnese, Guido Tagliaferri, and Pasquale Tucci (1994). “Notizie sulla vita e sull’opera di Barnaba Oriani.” In Un viaggio in Europa nel 1786:Diario di Barnaba Oriani astronomo milanese. Florence: Olschki.Google Scholar
  3. Schiaparelli, Giovanni Virginio (1862–1863). “Notizie sulla vita e sugli studi di Francesco Carlini.” Atti dellIstituto Lombardo di lettere, scienze ed arti 3: 281–292.Google Scholar
  4. Tagliaferri, Guido and Pasquale Tucci (1993). “P. S. de Laplace e il grado di meridiano d’Italia.” Giornale di fisica 34: 257–277.Google Scholar
  5. — (1999). “Carlini and Plana on the Theory of the Moon and Their Dispute with Laplace.” Annals of Science 56: 221–269.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Culturali e Ambientali & Museo Astronomico-Orto Botanico di BreraMilanoItaly