Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Abharī: Athīr al-Dīn al-Mufaḍḍal ibn ҁUmar ibn al-Mufaḍḍal al-Samarqandī al-Abharī

  • Hüseyin SarioğluEmail author
Reference work entry

Bornprobably Mosul, (Iraq)

DiedShabustar, (Iran), possibly 1265

Abharī, sometimes referred to as “Athīr al-Dīn al-Munajjim” (the astrologer), was a well-known philosopher who wrote influential texts in logic, mathematics, and astronomy. There has been diverse speculation about where and when Abharī was born, with the predominant opinion being that he was born in Mosul. “Samarqandī” in his name indicates that either he or his ancestors originally stemmed from there, most likely belonging to the Abhar tribe.

Little information is known about Abharī’s education. It is thought that he attended primary school in Mosul and later traveled to the scientific and cultural centers in Khurāsān, Baghdad, and Arbil to continue his studies. The biographer Ibn Khallikān reports that Abharī took part in the assemblies of the famous scholar Kamāl al-Dīn ibn Yūnus (died: 1242) and even worked as his assistant at the Badriyya School in Mosul. Other reports claim that Abharī was a student of the renowned...

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Selected References

  1. Al- ҁAbharī, Athīr al-Dīn (2001). Kashf al-haqā’iq fī tahrīr al-daqā’iq, edited by H. Sarıoğlu. Istanbul.Google Scholar
  2. Aygen, M. Sadettin (1985). Büyük Filozof Esîrüddîn Ebherî. Afyon.Google Scholar
  3. Bingöl, Abdülkuddüs (1994). “Ebherî, Esîrüddin.” In Diyanet İslâm Ansiklopedisi. Vol. 10, pp. 75–76. Istanbul.Google Scholar
  4. Ibn Khallikān (1977). Wafayāt al-aҁyān wa-anbā’ abnā’ al-zamān, edited by Ihsān ҁAbbās. 8 Vols. Beirut. (English translation by MacGuckin de Slane as Biographical Dictionary. 4 Vols. Paris, 1842–1871. Facsimile reprint, New York: Johnson Reprint Corp., 1961.)Google Scholar
  5. Muwahhid, Samed (1994). “Athīr al-dīn Abharī.” In Dā’irat al-maҁārif-i Buzurg-i İslāmī. Vol. 6, p. 586. Tehran.Google Scholar
  6. Rosenfeld, B. A. and Ekmeleddin Ihsanoğlu (2003). Mathematicians, Astronomers, and Other Scholars of Islamic Civilization and Their Works (7 th −19 th -c.). Istanbul: IRCICA, pp. 209–210.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey