Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Abetti, Antonio

  • Christof A. PlichtEmail author
Reference work entry

BornGorizia, (Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Italy), 19 June 1846

DiedArcetri near Florence, Italy, 20 February 1928

Italian astronomer Antonio Abetti revived the Arcetri Observatory south of Florence and made it one of the leading astrophysical institutions in Europe. He was a civil engineer and an architect but turned his interest to astronomy in 1868, almost immediately after he received a degree in mathematics and engineering from the University of Padua. He began his career at the local observatory, then headed by  Giovanni Santini, as an assistant until 1893. After an examination Abetti was appointed director of the Arcetri Observatory and professor of astronomy at the University of Florence. In 1921, aged 75, he had to retire from the posts but continued his researches at the observatory.

The main field of Abetti’s work was positional astronomy. During the 25 years in Padua he made many observations of small planets, comets, and star occultations, which he published in the Memoirs and...

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Selected References

  1. Abetti, Giorgio (1970). “Abetti, Antonio.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 1, p. 19. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  2. Camera, L. (1929). “Antonio Abetti.” Vierteljahresschrift der Astronomischen Gesellschaft 64: 2.Google Scholar
  3. Fowler, W. A. (1929). “Antonio Abetti.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 89: 325–327.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arbeitsgemeinschaft Hildesheimer AmateurastronomenHildesheimGermany