Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Christmann, Jacob

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_280

BornJohannesberg, (Hessen, Germany), November 1554

DiedHeidelberg, (Germany), 16 June 1613

Jacob Christmann’s scientific work was directed, above all, toward Arabic astronomy and chronology.

Christmann was born in Johannisberg near Mainz and subsequently educated in Neuhausen. In Heidelberg he dedicated himself principally to oriental studies and became a teacher at the Dionysianum there. When in 1579 he refused to sign the Lutheran Concordat, on account of his Calvinist beliefs, Christmann had to leave Heidelberg and went first to Basel, and then to the reformed Gelehrtenschule (classical grammar school) in Neustadt an der Haardt in the Pfaelzer Wald. Following the death of the elector, Christmann was able to return to Heidelberg in 1584, becoming professor of Hebrew language, and in 1591 professor of logic. In 1608 he became the second professor of Arabic in Europe. (The first was in 1538 in Paris.) In the year 1602 Christmann became rector of Heidelberg University. The view, which...

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Notes

Acknowledgments

Translated by Peter Nockolds.

Selected References

  1. Alfraganus (1590). Chronologica et astronomica elementa, translation with commentary by J. Christmann. Frankfurt am Main.Google Scholar
  2. Christmann, Jacob (1582). Alphabetum arabicum cum isagoge scribendi legendique arabice. Neustadt.Google Scholar
  3. — (1593). Epistola. chronologica ad clarissimum virum Iustum Lipsium. Frankfurt am Main.Google Scholar
  4. — (1593). Disputatio de anno, mense, et die passionis dominicae. Frankfurt am Main.Google Scholar
  5. — (1595). Tractatio geometrica, de quadratura circuli. Frankfurt.Google Scholar
  6. — (1601). Observationum solarium libri tres. Basel.Google Scholar
  7. — (1611). Theoria Lunae ex novis hypothesibus et observationibus demonstrata. Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  8. — (1612). Nocus Gordius ex doctrina sinuum explicatus. Acc. appendix observationum, quae per radium artificiosum habitae sunt circa Saturnum, Iovem et lucidiores stellas affixas. Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  9. Copernicus, Nicolaus (1974). De revolutionibus: Faksimile des Manuskriptes. Nicolaus Copernicus Gesamtausgabe. Vol. 1. Hildesheim: Gerstenberg, 1974.Google Scholar
  10. Isaac Argyricus (circa 1612). Computus Graecorum de solennitate Paschatis celebranda, translation with commentary by J. Christmann. Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  11. Ludendorff, Hans (1921). “Über die erste Verbindung des Fernrohres mit astronomischen Meβinstrumenten.” Astronomische Nachrichten 213: 385–390.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Riekher, Rolf (1990). Fernrohre und ihre Meister. 2nd ed. Berlin, p. 78.Google Scholar
  13. Uri ben Simeon (Ori, Rabbi) (1594). Calendarium Palaestinorum et universorum iudaeorum ad annos quadraginta supputatum, translation with commentary by J. Christmann. Frankfurt am Main.Google Scholar
  14. Zinner, Ernst (1956). Deutsche und niederländische astronomische Instrumente des 11.-18. Jahrhunderts. Munich: Beck, p. 280.MATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universitðt LandauLandau in der PfalzGermany