Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Cholgi: Maḥmūd Shāh Cholgi

  • Gregg DeYoung
Reference work entry

Alternate Name

 Khaljī: Maḥmūd Shāh Khaljī

Flourishedprobably fifteenth century

Since the colophon of the Persian Zīj-i jāmiҁ mentions his name, Cholgi has traditionally been taken as the author/compiler of this collection of astronomical tables. He has been identified with the ruler of Malwah, a state in central India, from 1435 to 1469, making him, like  Ulugh Beg, both prince and mathematician. Ramsey Wright has suggested, however, that the treatise was not written by the prince himself, but rather was dedicated to him by the still-anonymous author. If the prince did indeed compose this treatise, it appears to be the only work he did in astronomy. A Persian manuscript in the Bodleian Library (Persian Manuscript Catalog, number 270) apparently chronicles the events of his reign, but no one seems to have yet examined it for any references to astronomical activity.

The introduction informs us that the treatise originally comprised an introduction (muqaddima), two chapters (bāb), and a...

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Selected References

  1. De Young, G. (2004). “John Greaves’ Astronomica quaedam: Orientalism and Ptolemaic Cosmography in Seventeenth Century England.” Indian Journal of History of Science 39: 467–510. (An introduction to Greaves and a translation of the Astronomica quaedam into English, with explanatory notes.)Google Scholar
  2. Greaves, J. (1652). Astronomica quaedam. London. (Apparently the printed edition is based on Oxford, Bodleian Library, Persian MS Greaves 6.)Google Scholar
  3. Mercier, Raymond (1994). “English Orientalists and Mathematical Astronomy.” In TheArabickInterests of the Natural Philosophers in Seventeenth-Century England, edited by G. A. Russell, pp. 158–214. Leiden: E. J. Brill. (Greaves and his treatise are discussed on pp. 161–164.)Google Scholar
  4. Wright, R. Ramsey (1926–1927). “Über die Schrift ‘Astronomica quaedam’ von Greaves.” Sitzungsberichte der Physikalisch-medizinischen Sozietät zu Erlangen. 58–59: 381–385. (Outlines the basic historical context. Followed by a short note from E. Wiedemann concerning brief extracts from (1) Farghānī’ Arabic compendium to the Almagest and (2)ҁAlī al-Qushjī’ introduction to the study of hay’a included as appendices in Greaves book.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The American University in CairoCairoEgypt