BornCesena, (Emilia-Romagna, Italy), 1565
DiedCesena, (Emilia-Romagna, Italy), 1652
Scipione Chiaramonti’s astronomical writings – Discorso della cometa … dell’anno MDCXVIII … (Venice, 1619), Antitycho (Venice, 1621), and De tribus novis stellis quae 1572, 1600, 1604 … (Cesena, 1628) – were devoted to maintaining the argument of the sublunary character of comets and novae.
Chiaramonti studied in Ferrara and was professor of philosophy in Pisa from 1627 to 1636, but he spent the major part of his life in Cesena, a town under the temporal power of the Catholic Church. The range of his activity embraced both scientific and humanistic fields. He wrote books to support Aristotelian ideas and took part in hard polemics against Copernicans, such as Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei, and Tychonic supporters, such as Father Orazio Grassi.
Chiamonti’s first work, which turned against Grassi’s theory of comets, was welcomed by Galilei. However, Chiaramonti was harshly attacked by Kepler in...
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