Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Chiaramonti, Scipione

  • Davide Neri
Reference work entry

BornCesena, (Emilia-Romagna, Italy), 1565

DiedCesena, (Emilia-Romagna, Italy), 1652

Scipione Chiaramonti’s astronomical writings – Discorso della cometadell’anno MDCXVIII … (Venice, 1619), Antitycho (Venice, 1621), and De tribus novis stellis quae 1572, 1600, 1604 … (Cesena, 1628) – were devoted to maintaining the argument of the sublunary character of comets and novae.

Chiaramonti studied in Ferrara and was professor of philosophy in Pisa from 1627 to 1636, but he spent the major part of his life in Cesena, a town under the temporal power of the Catholic Church. The range of his activity embraced both scientific and humanistic fields. He wrote books to support Aristotelian ideas and took part in hard polemics against Copernicans, such as  Johannes Kepler and  Galileo Galilei, and Tychonic supporters, such as Father  Orazio Grassi.

Chiamonti’s first work, which turned against Grassi’s theory of comets, was welcomed by Galilei. However, Chiaramonti was harshly attacked by Kepler in...

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Selected References

  1. Benzoni, G. (1980). “Chiaramonti, Scipione.” In Dizionario biografico degli italiani. Vol. 24, pp. 541–549. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana.Google Scholar
  2. Gilbert, Neal W. (1963). Renaissance Concepts of Method. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 181, 194–196, 238.Google Scholar
  3. Santillana, G. de (1960). Processo a Galileo: Studio storico-critico. Milan: A. Monadori, pp. 327, 365, 603.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davide Neri
    • 1
  1. 1.Liceo Scientifico “A.B. Sabin”BolognaItaly