Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Charlier, Carl Vilhelm Ludvig

  • Gustav Holmberg
Reference work entry

BornÖstersund, Sweden, 1 April 1862

DiedLund, Sweden, 5 November 1934

Carl Charlier accelerated the development of statistical astronomy through his application of factory-type data processing at the Lund Observatory. An international figure in astronomy, he influenced outlooks in both the Swedish astronomical community and the International Astronomical Union [IAU] regarding the need for broad international cooperation in science. Charlier also introduced statistical methods to governmental processes in Sweden. He advocated a fractal or hierarchical distribution of galaxies at a time when many astronomers doubted their very existence.

Charlier was the son of Emmerich Emanuel and Aurora Kristina (née Hollstein) Charlier. He received his early education in Östersund. Charlier completed his undergraduate education at Uppsala before studying astronomy under Herman Schultz at the University of Uppsala, where he received his Ph.D. in 1887.

Charlier became active in astronomy at a time when...

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Selected References

  1. Charlier, Carl Vilhelm Ludvig (1907). Die Mechanik des Himmels: Vorlesungen. 2 Vols. Leipzig: Veit.Google Scholar
  2. — (1920). Vorlesungen über die Grundzüge der mathematischen Statistik. Lund: Verlag Scientia.Google Scholar
  3. Holmberg, Gustav (1999). Reaching for the Stars: Studies in the History of Swedish Stellar and Nebular Astronomy, 1860–1940. Lund: Lund University.Google Scholar
  4. Lankford, John and Ricky L. Slavings (1996). “The Industrialization of American Astronomy, 1880–1940.” Physics Today 49, no. 1: 34–40.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Paul, Erich Robert (1993). The Milky Way Galaxy and Statistical Cosmology, 1890–1924. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.History of Science and Ideas, Lund UniversityLundSweden