Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Chandler, Seth Carlo, Jr.

Reference work entry

BornBoston, Massachusetts, USA, 16 September 1846

DiedWellesley Hills, Massachusetts, USA, 31 December 1913

As a practical astronomer Seth Carlo Chandler discovered the periodic motions in the Earth’s polar axis, now known as the Chandler wobble, and made important contributions in the fields of variable star and cometary astronomy. Chandler also served as the editor and publisher of the Astronomical Journal.

The son of Seth Carlo and Mary (née Cheever) Chandler of Boston, Massachusetts, Chandler demonstrated his mechanical and mathematical abilities well before he graduated from the Boston English High School in 1861. During his last year in school, Chandler worked part-time as a computing assistant to  Benjamin Peirce and was apparently attracted to astronomy in that experience. After his graduation, Chandler was employed as the personal assistant of  Benjamin Gould, who was at that time engaged in longitude determinations for the United States Coast Survey. The two remained close...

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Selected References

  1. Anon. (7 August 1898). “Our amateurs in science.” Sunday Herald (Boston), 27.Google Scholar
  2. Carter, W. E. and M. S. Carter (1995). “Seth Carlo Chandler, Jr.” Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences 66: 45–79.Google Scholar
  3. Saladyga, Michael (1999). “The ‘Pre-Embryonic’ State of the AAVSO: Amateur Observers of Variable Stars from 1875 to 1911.” Journal of the American Association of Variable Star Observers 27, no. 2: 154–170.ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. Searle, Arthur (1914). “Seth Carlo Chandler.” Popular Astronomy 22: 271–274.ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Turner, Herbert Hall (1915). “Seth Carlo Chandler.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 75: 251–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kanagawa UniversityYokohamaJapan