Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Cavalieri, Bonaventura (Francesco)

Reference work entry

BornMilan, (Italy), circa15901600

DiedBologna, (Italy), 27 December 1647

Bonaventura Cavalieri was a professor of astronomy at Bologna and one of the great mathematicians of the seventeeth century, credited for initial steps toward integral calculus. Cavalieri’s date of birth and his Christian name (probably Francesco) are uncertain. Bonaventura was his father’s name, which Cavalieri adopted in 1615 when he took the minor orders with the Jesuati (not Jesuits). In 1616 Cavalieri was transferred to the monastery in Pisa, where he met  Benedetto Castelli -a mathematics lecturer in Pisa and friend of  Galileo Galilei -who took him under his wing. Castelli introduced him to geometry and Euclid,  Archimedes, and  Apollonius. In 1620 Cavalieri was called to Milan to teach theology at the monastery of San Girolamo, where he continued his mathematical studies. Because of difficulties with superiors, he applied unsuccessfully for the mathematics chair at Bologna – vacant with  Giovanni Magini’s...

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Selected References

  1. Bònoli, F. and E. Piliarvu (2001). I lettori di astronomia presso lo Studio di Bologna dal XII al XX secolo. Bologna: Clueb.Google Scholar
  2. Kristeller, P. O. (1965–1992). Iter Italicum. New York: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of BolognaBolognaItaly