Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Cassini, Jean-Dominique

Reference work entry

Alternate Name

 Cassini IV;  Cassini, Giovanni Domenico

BornParis, France, 30 June 1748

DiedThury near Clermont, Oise, France, 18 October 1845

Last of the Cassini dynasty at the Paris Observatory, J.-D. Cassini was an administrator, a geodesist, and a cartographer. He was the son of  César Cassini de Thury. Educated at the Collège du Plessis, Paris, and the Oratorian Collège at Juilly, Jean-Dominique studied under the physicist J. A. Nollet, the mathematician C. Mauduit, and the astronomers  Giacomo Maraldi and  Jean Chappe d’Auteroche. He was elected adjoint by the Académie des sciences on 23 July 1770, becoming associé in 1785. Cassini was the editor of Chappe d’Auteroche’s posthumous Voyage en Californie pour l’observation du passage de Vénus sur le disque du soleil, le 3 juin 1769(Paris 1772), and formally succeeded his father as director of the Paris Observatory in 1784. He was married to Claude-Marie-Louise de la Myre-Mory for 18 years. Her death in 1791 left him with five...

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Selected Reference

  1. Taton, René (1971). “Cassini, Jean-Dominique (Cassini IV).” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 3, pp. 106–107. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chester, County ChesterUK