Campanus of Novara
BornNovara, Italy, first quarter of thirteenth century
DiedViterbo, Italy, 1296
His contemporaries, like Roger Bacon, considered Campanus as one of the greatest mathematicians of his times. The date of his birth can be tentatively fixed between 1210 and 1230 because the first entry in some tables ascribed to him is 1232, and many of his works are dated between 1255 and 1260. Many documents confirm Campanus’ birthplace: Novara in northern Italy, 40 km from Milan. Sometimes he is called Johannes (John), but this first name seems to have been introduced only in the sixteenth century.
We do not know anything of Campanus’ life until 1263 when he was chaplain of Cardinal Ottobono Fieschi, later Pope Adrian V. In 1264, Campanus was chaplain to Pope Urban IV, and he remained a member of the papal court for 30 years until his death in 1296. There Campanus served as mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, and physician, and he met other outstanding intellectuals such as the translator William of...
- Benjamin, Francis S. and G. J. Toomer (eds.) (1971). Campanus of Novara and Medieval Planetary Theory: Theorica planetarum. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
- Boudet, Jean-Patrice (1994). Lire dans le ciel: La bibliothèque de Simon de Phares, astrologue de XVe siècle. Brussels: Centre d’étude des manuscrits.Google Scholar
- Duhem, Pierre (1915). Le système du monde. Paris: A. Hermann. Vol. 3, pp. 317–326.Google Scholar
- Knorr, W. R. (1997). “The Latin Sources of Quadrans vetus, and What They Imply for Its Authorship and Date.” In Texts and Contexts in Ancient and Medieval Science: Studies on the Occasion of John E. Murdoch’s Seventieth Birthday, edited by Edith Sylla and Michael McVaugh. Leiden: Brill, pp. 23–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Paravicini Bagliani, A. (1991). Medicina e scienze della natura alla corte dei papi nel Duecento. Spoleto: Centro italiano di studi sull’alto medioevo, pp. 87–115, 238–247.Google Scholar
- Pedersen, F. S. (2002). The Toledan Tables: A Review of the Manuscripts and the Textual Versions, with an Edition. Copenhagen: Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab.Google Scholar
- Pereira, M. (1978). “Campano da Novara autore dell’Almagestum parvum.” Studi Medievali 19: 769–776.Google Scholar
- Poulle, Emmanuel (1980). Les instruments de la théorie des planètes selon Ptolémée: Équatoires et horlogerie planétaire du XIIIe au XVIe siècle. 2 Vols. Geneva: Droz, pp. 34, 36, 41–63, 789–791.Google Scholar