Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Suyūṭī: Abū al-Faḍl ҁAbd al-Raḥmān Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī

  • Alnoor Dhanani
Reference work entry

BornCairo, (Egypt), 1445


Suyūṭī wrote an important work on “religious” astronomy, whose sources derived from the traditions of the Prophet. Born into a family engaged in religious scholarship and holding administrative offices, he became the most prolific authors in all of Islamic literature. His father was a preacher, taught Shāfiҁī religious law, and acted as a deputy judge (qāḍī). He died prematurely when his son was only 5 years old, but he had made financial arrangements that allowed Suyūṭī to pursue a path of scholarship through the guardianship and aid of his father’s friends and students. Suyūṭī commenced his studies at an early age, with the study of Islamic religious sciences under various teachers. This included the study of ḥadīth(statements and actions of the Prophet Muḥammad and his companions as recorded by his contemporaries and collated into collections by later authors), some rudimentary arithmetic for the solution of problems of inheritance, and probably...

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Selected References

  1. Heinen, Anton M. (1982). Islamic Cosmology: A Study of as-Suyūtī’s al-Hay’a as-sanīya fī l-hay’a as-sunnīya with Critical Edition, Translation, and Commentary. Beirut: F. Steiner Verlag.Google Scholar
  2. Ragep, F. J. (1993). Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī’s Memoir on Astronomy (al-Tadhkira fīҁilm al-hay’a). 2 Vols. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  3. Sartain, E. M. (1975). Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūtī: Biography and Background. 2 Vols. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alnoor Dhanani
    • 1
  1. 1.Harvard University, CambridgeMAUSA