Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Struve, Karl Hermann

Reference work entry

Alternate Name

 Struve, Hermann Ottovich

BornPulkovo, Russia, 3 October 1854

DiedKurort Herrenalb, (Baden-Württemberg), Germany, 12 August 1920

A specialist in optics and planetary satellites, Hermann Struve (as he was usually known) was the son of  Otto Wilhelm Struve and the elder brother of  Gustav Struve. He was first educated at the gymnasia of Karlsruhe, Germany, and Vyborg, Russia. After passing his final exams at Revel, Russia (now Tallin, Estonia), he enrolled at the University of Dorpat in 1872, where he studied mathematics and physics. In 1874, Struve took part in Bengt Hasselberg’s Pulkovo expedition to eastern Siberia and the port of Possiet to make observations of the transit of Venus. This experience interrupted his studies for almost a year. He graduated from Dorpat University in 1877 and returned to Pulkovo as a part-time astronomer under his father’s direction.

To continue his education, Struve traveled to Paris, Strasbourg, Berlin, and Graz. At Berlin, his tutors...

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Selected References

  1. Courvoisier, L. (1920). “Hermann Struve.” Astronomische Nachrichten 212: 33–38.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. F. W. D. (1921). “Karl Hermann Struve.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 81: 270–272.Google Scholar
  3. Sokolovskaya, Z. K. (1976). “Struve, Karl Hermann.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 13, pp. 114–115. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Astronomical Observatory at PulkovoSt PetersburgRussia