Struve, Karl Hermann
BornPulkovo, Russia, 3 October 1854
DiedKurort Herrenalb, (Baden-Württemberg), Germany, 12 August 1920
A specialist in optics and planetary satellites, Hermann Struve (as he was usually known) was the son of Otto Wilhelm Struve and the elder brother of Gustav Struve. He was first educated at the gymnasia of Karlsruhe, Germany, and Vyborg, Russia. After passing his final exams at Revel, Russia (now Tallin, Estonia), he enrolled at the University of Dorpat in 1872, where he studied mathematics and physics. In 1874, Struve took part in Bengt Hasselberg’s Pulkovo expedition to eastern Siberia and the port of Possiet to make observations of the transit of Venus. This experience interrupted his studies for almost a year. He graduated from Dorpat University in 1877 and returned to Pulkovo as a part-time astronomer under his father’s direction.
To continue his education, Struve traveled to Paris, Strasbourg, Berlin, and Graz. At Berlin, his tutors...
- F. W. D. (1921). “Karl Hermann Struve.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 81: 270–272.Google Scholar
- Sokolovskaya, Z. K. (1976). “Struve, Karl Hermann.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 13, pp. 114–115. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar