BornOdessa, Ukraine, 2 May 1894
DiedMenton, Alpes-Maritimes, France, 14 September 1976
Nicolas Stoyko is chiefly remembered for his contributions to the precision measurement of astronomical time and its distribution through the Bureau International de l’Heure [BIH] in Paris, France, which he directed from 1945 to 1964. Stoyko was a student at the University of Novorossia (Odessa). From 1914 to 1916, he was an unpaid trainee at the Odessa Observatory under Aleksandr Orlov, a specialist in polar motion studies. Stoyko received his bachelor’s degree in 1916. Soon mobilized into the Russian army (1916–1918), he was certified as agrégé de mathématiques in 1920. Unable to obtain a position in his native land, Stoyko immigrated to Bulgaria and taught at a boys’ school in Pleven. But following a military coup d´état(1923), Stoyko moved to France. Upon a recommendation from his former instructor Orlov, he traveled to the Paris Observatory. In 1924,...