Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Stone, Edward James

  • Jordan D. MarchéII
Reference work entry

BornLondon, England, 28 February 1831

DiedOxford, England, 9 May 1897

Edward Stone served as Her Majesty’s Astronomer at the Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope (1870–1879), where he compiled data on more than 12,000 stars for the Cape Catalogue. Stone was the son of Edward Stone, a London businessman. Educated at home until the age of 20, he first attended King’s College, London, but then transferred to Queen’s College, Cambridge, from which he graduated as fifth wrangler in 1859. Stone was subsequently offered a fellowship from the college.

In 1860, Stone succeeded Reverend Robert Main as chief assistant at the Royal Greenwich Observatory. Over the coming decade, he accomplished a number of duties under director  George Airy. One of his principal investigations concerned a reanalysis of data from the 1769 transit of Venus, with a view of deriving the most accurate value of the solar parallax (giving the Earth’s true distance from the Sun). For this work, Stone was awarded the Gold...

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Selected References

  1. Anon. (1897). “Edward James Stone, Radcliffe Observer.” Astronomische Nachrichten 143: 295–296.Google Scholar
  2. E. D. (1898). “Edward James Stone.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 58: 143–151.Google Scholar
  3. Stone, Edward James (1881). Catalogue of 12,441 stars, for the Epoch 1880; from Observations Made at the Royal Observatory, Cape of Good Hope, during the Years 1871 to 1879. London: G. E. Eyre and W. Spottiswoode.Google Scholar
  4. — (1894). Catalogue of 6424 Stars for the Epoch 1890. Formed from Observations Made at the Radcliffe Observatory, Oxford, during the Years 1880–1893. Oxford: J. Parker.Google Scholar
  5. Turner, Herbert Hall (1897). “Edward James Stone.” Observatory 20: 234–237.ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jordan D. MarchéII
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WisconsinMadisonUSA