Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

St. John, Charles Edward

  • Katherine Haramundanis
Reference work entry

BornAllen, Michigan, USA, 15 March 1857

DiedPasadena, California, USA, 26 April 1935

American solar physicist Charles St. John made the first, not entirely successful, attempt to measure the gravitational redshift of light coming from the Sun, and compiled a definitive table of wavelengths of solar spectral features. St. John earned a BS from Michigan State College (1887), and an MA (1893) and Ph.D. (1896) from Harvard University, the latter in physics, with a thesis on electric spark spectra. He also studied at the universities of Michigan (1890–1892) and Berlin (1894–1895). St. John initially held teaching positions at the Michigan Normal College (1886–1892) and University of Michigan (1896–1897) before being appointed to an associate professorship in physics and astronomy at Oberlin College, Ohio, in 1897. He became full professor in 1899 and dean of the College of Arts and Sciences in 1906. Both Michigan Normal College and Oberlin College eventually awarded St. John honorary...

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Selected References

  1. Christianson, Gale E. (1995). Edwin Hubble: Mariner of the Nebulae. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
  2. Hearnshaw, J. B. (1986). The Analysis of Starlight: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Astronomical Spectroscopy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Henstchel, Klaus (1993). “The Conversion of St. John: A Case Study on the Interplay of Theory and Experiment.” Science in Context 6, no.1: 137–194.ADSMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  4. Joy, Alfred H. (1935). “Charles Edward St. John.” Popular Astronomy 43: 611–617.ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Lang, Kenneth and Owen Gingerich (eds.) (1979). Source Book in Astronomy and Astrophysics, 1900–1973. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Leverington, David (1995). A History of Astronomy from 1890 to the Present. London: Springer.Google Scholar
  7. Waterfield, Reginald L. (1938). A Hundred Years of Astronomy. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine Haramundanis
    • 1
  1. 1.WestfordUSA