Soldner, Johann Georg
Bornnear Feuchtwangen, (Bavaria, Germany), 16 July 1776
Died13 May 1833
At Munich, Johann Soldner calculated the deflection, due to gravity, of starlight as it grazes the Sun’s limb (1801). Thus he is sometimes said to have presaged Albert Einstein; however, because he used Newtonian gravity and a particle theory of light, Soldner’s deflection is half of Einstein’s 1916 value.