Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Smiley, Charles Hugh

  • Thomas R. Williams
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_1291

BornCamden, Missouri, USA, 6 September 1903

DiedProvidence, Rhode Island, USA, 26 July 1977

After receiving his Ph.D. in astronomy at the University of California in Berkeley, American mathematician Charles Smiley traveled and worked extensively in Europe, including on assignments at the Royal Greenwich Observatory, where he worked with  Leslie Comrie and  Andrew Crommelin, and at Cracow, Poland, where he did orbital calculations with  Thaddeus Banachiewicz for the then recently discovered Pluto. On his return to the United States, Smiley accepted a professorship at Brown University, where his primary research involved observing 15 solar eclipses. In 1937, Smiley successfully photographed the zodiacal light during a total solar eclipse. He used a Schmidt camera of his own design and construction, a very early application of such cameras.

Also interested in ancient astronomies, Smiley in 1960 published a correlation of the Mayan and Christian calendars based exclusively on astronomical...

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Selected References

  1. Kelley, David H. (1978). “Charles Hugh Smiley, 1903–1977.” Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada 72: 46–47.ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Reed, Donald S. (1978). “Charles Hugh Smiley.” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 19: 510–511.ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas R. Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Rice UniversityHoustonUSA