Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Smart, William Marshall

  • Jordan D. MarchéII
Reference work entry

BornDoune, Perthshire, Scotland, 9 March 1889

DiedLancaster, England, 17 September 1975

William Smart was an expert on spherical astronomy.

Smart, son of Peter Fernie Smart and Isabella Marshall Harrower, acquired his interest in science and mathematics while attending McLaren High School in Callender, Scotland. Smart’s high academic abilities won him a scholarship to Glasgow University (1906–1911). He graduated with first class honors and was awarded the Cunninghame Medal for Mathematics.

Smart pursued postgraduate studies at Trinity College, Cambridge, and received his doctorate in pure and applied mathematics (1914). He was awarded several other prizes, including a First in Part I of the mathematical triposexamination. During World War I, Smart became an instructor-lieutenant at the Royal Naval College, Greenwich, where he developed a lifelong interest in navigation. In 1919, he returned to Cambridge as John Adams Astronomer and chief assistant at the university observatory, under...

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Selected Reference

  1. Ovenden, Michael W. (1977). “William Marshall Smart.” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 18: 140–146.ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jordan D. MarchéII
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WisconsinMadisonUSA