Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Siguenza y Góngora, Carlos

  • Durruty Jesús de Alba Martínez
Reference work entry

Alternate Name

 de Sigüenza y Góngora, Carlos

BornMexico City, New Spain, 15 August 1645

DiedMexico City, New Spain, 22 August 1700

The foremost intellectual figure of colonial Mexico, Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora was honored with the title of Royal Cosmographer by Carlos II king of Spain in 1680. He wrote on astronomy, mathematics, history, geography, and other fields. His Libra Astronomica y Philosophica (1690) includes a rational discussion of comets, the purpose of which was to allay fears inspired by the great comet C/1680 V1 and a response to Exposicion astronomica del cometa del año 1681 (1681) by Eusebio Francisco Kino S.J. that is so-called the first scientific discussion in America; the Libra, no doubt, is the masterpiece of scientific work developed by Sigüenza, where are consigned careful observations of that comet made with his “four glasses telescope” doted with a quite fine micrometer; names like  Copernicus,  Brahe,  Descartes,  Galilei,  Gassendi,  Kepler, and  Kircher...

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Selected References

  1. AA.VV. (2000). Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora, homenaje 17002000, Alicia Mayer (coord.) pp. 392. México: UNAM.Google Scholar
  2. AA.VV. (2002). Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora, homenaje 17002000 II, Alicia Mayer (coord.), pp. 320. México: UNAM.Google Scholar
  3. Burrus, S. J. and Ernest, J. (1953). “Sigüenza y Góngora’s efforts for readmission into the Jesuit order”, Hispanic American Historical Review, vol. 33, num. 3, pp. 387–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Burrus, S. J. and Ernest, J. (1959). “Clavijero and the lost Sigüenza y Góngora manuscripts”, Estudios de Cultura Náhuatl, vol. 1, pp. 59–90.Google Scholar
  5. Leonard, Irving A. (1929). Don Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora: A Mexican Savant of the Seventeenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  6. Ross, Kathleen (1993). The Baroque Narrative of Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora: A New World Paradise. Cambridge Studies in Latin American and Iberian Literature num. 9, pp. 220. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Sigüenza y Góngora, Carlos de (1690). Libra Astronomica y Philosophica. México: Imprenta de los Herederos de la Viuda de Bernardo Calderon. Exist a modern edition (1984) in the Nueva Biblioteca Mexicana n.- 2 by UNAM, and other in the volume titled Seis Obras from Biblioteca Ayacucho, Caracas (1984).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Astronomía y MeteorologíaUniversidad de GuadalajaraGuadalajaraMéxico