Sibṭ al-Māridīnī: Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Abū ҁAbd Allāh Badr [Shams] al-Dīn al-Miṣrī al-Dimashqī
BornPossibly Damascus, Syria, 1423
DiedPossibly Cairo, Egypt, circa1495
Sibṭ al-Māridīnī was a prolific author of astronomical texts that were still being used and studied into the nineteenth century. Little is known with certainty about his life. It is thought that he grew up in Damascus, where his maternal grandfather, ҁAbd Allāh ibn Khalīl ibn Yūsuf Jamāl al-Dīn al-Māridīnī (died: 1406), was the muwaqqit (timekeeper in charge of regulating the daily rituals of the Islamic community) of the Umayyad Mosque. Later he traveled to Cairo, where tradition places him as the student of Ibn al-Majdī. He served as muwaqqit in al-Azhar mosque and also taught mathematics and astronomy there.
Sibṭ al-Māridīnī wrote extensively on mathematics and mathematical astronomy. Like his grandfather, he was especially interested in astronomical instruments. The biobibliographical sources list some 25 treatises, many of which exist today in multiple copies. According to the historian al-Jabartī (died:...
- King, David A. (1975). “Al-Khalīlī’s Qibla Table.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 34: 81–122. (Reprinted in King, Islamic Mathematical Astronomy, XIII. London: Variorum Reprints, 1986.) (A discussion of Māridīnī’s method for finding the qibla direction and translation of a crucial passage appears on pp. 111–115.)Google Scholar
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- Schmalzl, Peter (1929). Zur Geschichte des Quadranten bei den Arabern. Munich: Druck der Salesianischen Offizin. (Outdated, but still the most comprehensive general study of quadrants in Islamic culture.)Google Scholar
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