Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Shklovsky, Iosif Samuilovich

Reference work entry

Alternate Names

 Shklovskii, Iosif Samuilovich;  Shklovskij, Iosif Samuilovich

BornGlukhov, (Ukraine), 1 July 1916

DiedMoscow, (Russia), 3 March 1985

Theoretical astrophysicist Iosif S. Shklovsky was one of the most remarkable personalities and scholars among the Soviet astronomy community of his time. He chose as his own most important contributions the derivation of a reliable distance scale for planetary nebulae and the recognition that the emission from the Crab Nebula is synchrotron radiation (from which he predicted optical polarization, soon after found). Many would also mention his 1964 suggestion that the energy source for quasars is accretion of gas onto giant black holes at the centers of galaxies.

Following high school graduation, Shklovsky spent 2 years working in railroad construction, before beginning the study of physics and chemistry at the Far Eastern State University in Vladivostok, Russia, in 1933. He transferred to Moscow State University (MSU), completing a first...

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Selected References

  1. Friedman, Herbert (1985). “Josif Samuilovich Shklovsky.” Physics Today 38, no. 5: 104–106.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Kardashev, N. S. (1992). Astrophysics on the Threshold of the 21st Century. Philadelphia: Gordon & Breach.Google Scholar
  3. Shklovskii, I. S. and Carl Sagan (1966). Intelligent Life in the Universe. San Francisco: Holden-Day.Google Scholar
  4. Shklovsky (1951). Solar Corona. Moscow: Gostechizdat (In Russian).Google Scholar
  5. — (1962). The Universe. The Life. The Intellegence. Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences (In Russian).Google Scholar
  6. — (1991). Convoy (Non-Fictinal Stories). Moscow: Novosti (In Russian).Google Scholar
  7. — (1996). Intelligence. Life. Universe. Moscow: Yanus (In Russian).Google Scholar
  8. — (1960). Cosmic Radio Waves. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  9. — (1968). Supernovae. Interscience Monographs and Texts in Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 21. London: Wiley and Sons.Google Scholar
  10. — (1978). Stars, Their Birth, Life and Death. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.Google Scholar
  11. — (1991). Five Billion Vodka Bottles to the Moon: Tales of a Soviet Scientist. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vavilov Institute for History of Science & Technology, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia