Shklovsky, Iosif Samuilovich
BornGlukhov, (Ukraine), 1 July 1916
DiedMoscow, (Russia), 3 March 1985
Theoretical astrophysicist Iosif S. Shklovsky was one of the most remarkable personalities and scholars among the Soviet astronomy community of his time. He chose as his own most important contributions the derivation of a reliable distance scale for planetary nebulae and the recognition that the emission from the Crab Nebula is synchrotron radiation (from which he predicted optical polarization, soon after found). Many would also mention his 1964 suggestion that the energy source for quasars is accretion of gas onto giant black holes at the centers of galaxies.
Following high school graduation, Shklovsky spent 2 years working in railroad construction, before beginning the study of physics and chemistry at the Far Eastern State University in Vladivostok, Russia, in 1933. He transferred to Moscow State University (MSU), completing a first...
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