Shirwānī: Fatḥallāh ibn Abū Yazīd ibnҁAbd al-ҁAzīz ibn Ibrāhīm al-Shābarānī al-Shirwānī al-Shamāhī
BornShirwān, Shamāh, (Azerbaijan), 1417
DiedShirwān, Shamāh, (Azerbaijan), February 1486
The astronomer, mathematician, and teacher Fatḥallāh al-Shirwānī was part of the Samarqand school of mathematics and astronomy, which was composed of scholars who pursued the mathematical sciences including astronomy. Through his works many students were educated in the sciences, thus disseminating them in the Ottoman lands, especially in Anatolia.
Shirwānī received his primary education from his father and subsequently continued his education in Serakhs and Ṭūs. In Ṭūs, Shirwānī studied al-Sayyid al-Sharīf al-Jurjānī’s Sharḥ al-Tadhkira fīҁilm al-hay’a, a commentary on Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s seminal work on astronomy, under the Shīҁī scholar al-Sayyid Abū Ṭālib. In mid-1435 he left for Samarqand and studied mathematics, astronomy, Islamic theology (kalām), and the linguistic sciences under Qāḍīzāde at the madrasa (school) of Samarqand. Among the works he studied was Niẓām al-Dīn al-Nīsābūrī’s S...
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