Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Shirwānī: Fatḥallāh ibn Abū Yazīd ibnҁAbd al-ҁAzīz ibn Ibrāhīm al-Shābarānī al-Shirwānī al-Shamāhī

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_1274

BornShirwān, Shamāh, (Azerbaijan), 1417

DiedShirwān, Shamāh, (Azerbaijan), February 1486

The astronomer, mathematician, and teacher Fatḥallāh al-Shirwānī was part of the Samarqand school of mathematics and astronomy, which was composed of scholars who pursued the mathematical sciences including astronomy. Through his works many students were educated in the sciences, thus disseminating them in the Ottoman lands, especially in Anatolia.

Shirwānī received his primary education from his father and subsequently continued his education in Serakhs and Ṭūs. In Ṭūs, Shirwānī studied  al-Sayyid al-Sharīf al-Jurjānī’s Sharḥ al-Tadhkira fīҁilm al-hay’a, a commentary on  Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s seminal work on astronomy, under the Shīҁī scholar al-Sayyid Abū Ṭālib. In mid-1435 he left for Samarqand and studied mathematics, astronomy, Islamic theology (kalām), and the linguistic sciences under  Qāḍīzāde at the madrasa (school) of Samarqand. Among the works he studied was  Niẓām al-Dīn al-Nīsābūrī’s S...

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Selected References

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey