Shīrāzī: Quṭb al-Dīn Maḥmūd ibn Masʿūd ibn al-Muṣliḥ al-Shīrāzī
BornShīrāz, (Iran), October/November 1236
DiedTabrīz, (Iran), 1311
Quṭb al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī was one of the most prominent theoretical astronomers of the thirteenth century. Born into a family of physicians, he studied with his father Ḍiyāʾ al-Dīn al-Kāzarūnī at the then new Muẓaffarī Hospital. When Shīrāzī was 14, his father died but even at that young age he was able to assume his father’s position at the hospital. He continued his studies, at first with an uncle, also a physician, and later with two prominent teachers, Shams al-Dīn Kīshī and Sharaf al-Dīn Būshkānī. These studies included most prominently the “general principles” of Ibn Sīnā’s Canon of Medicine as well as Sufi mysticism, which had been another important part of his father’s life. Uncharacteristic for someone of his talents and searching intellect, Shīrāzī remained in Shīrāz until the age of 24, most likely because of the turmoil in Iran brought on by the Mongol invasions.
But the Mongols also provided Shīrāzī with a...
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