Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Shams al-Dīn al-Bukhārī

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_1264

FlourishedMiddle to late thirteenth century

Shams al-Dīn al-Bukhārī is cited in various Greek versions of Arabic and Persian astronomical handbooks (zījes), versions that were made in the last decade of the thirteenth century in Marāgha and Tabrīz. These zījes include al-Zīj al-Sanjarī, composed in Arabic in the mid-twelfth century by  ҁAbd al-Ramān al-Khāzinī and dedicated to the Saljūq Sultan Sanjar (reigned: 1118–1157); al-Zīj al- ҁAlāī, composed in Arabic by ҁAbd al-Karīm al-Shirwānī al-Fahhād (mid-twelfth century), but no longer extant in Arabic; and, al-Zīj-I Īlkhānī, composed circa 1270 in Persian by  Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī. The Persian text survives in many copies, and there is also an Arabic version. The Greek versions of all three are found in the following manuscripts: Florence Laur. gr. 28/17, Vat. gr. 211, and Vat. gr. 1058. The Greek version of the Īlkhānī zīj is much more widespread, being found in manuscripts in many collections. The Arabic version of the Sanjarīis...

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Selected References

  1. Doyen, Anne-Marie (1979). Le traité sur lastrolabe le Siamps le Persan. Mémoire, Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres de Université Catholique de Louvain. (Unpublished transcription of the text on the astrolabe, with a translation.)Google Scholar
  2. Kennedy, E. S. (1956). “A Survey of Islamic Astronomical Tables.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, n.s., 46, pt. 2: 121–177. (Reprint, Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1989.)Google Scholar
  3. Mercier, Raymond (1984). “The Greek ‘Persian Syntaxis’ and the Zīj-i Īlkhānī.” Archives internationales dhistoire des sciences 34: 35–60. (The identification of the Īlkhānī zīj as the source of the tables of Chrysococces.)Google Scholar
  4. Neugebauer, O. (1960). “Studies in Byzantine Astronomical Terminology.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, n.s., 50, pt. 2: 3–45. (A seminal study of Vat. Gr. 1058, a manuscript that includes the Greek versions of all three zījes, and much besides.)Google Scholar
  5. Pingree, David (1985). The Astronomical Works of Gregory Chioniades. Vol. 1, The Zīj al-ҁAlāī. Corpus des Astronomes Byzantins, 2. Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben. (Part 1 is an edition and translation of the Greek text of the ҁAlāī zīj and related material, with an important note on Shams.)Google Scholar
  6. Suter, Heinrich (1900). “Die Mathematiker und Astronomen der Araber und ihre Werke.” Abhandlungen zur Geschichte der mathematischen Wissenschaften 10: 161, 219–220. (The older literature contains references to Shams that serve to illustrate the confusion surrounding his identity and role.)Google Scholar
  7. Tihon, Anne. “Les tables astronomiques persane à Constantinople dans la premiere moitié du XIVe siècle.” Byzantion 57 (1987). (Reprinted in Tihon, Études dastronomie Byzantine. Aldershot: Variorum, 1994.) (Important overview of the manuscript sources.)Google Scholar
  8. Usener, Hermann (1912–1914). Kleine Schriften. 4 Vols. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, Vol. 3, pp. 288–377.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CambsUK