Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Schwassmann, Friedrich Karl Arnold

  • Martin Solc
Reference work entry

BornHamburg, (Germany), 25 March 1870

DiedHamburg, (Germany), 19 January 1964

German observational astronomer Friedrich Schwassmann, eponymized in several comets, graduated in 1891 after studies at Leipzig, Berlin, and Göttingen universities. He initially held short-term appointments at the observatories in Potsdam (1893–1895), Göttingen (1896/1897), and Heidelberg (1897–1901), where he worked under the supervision of  Maximilian Wolf. Schwassmann spent the next 2 years at the institute for testing of chronometers of the German Maritime Observatory, and the rest of his life connected with the observatory in Hamburg-Bergedorf. He was appointed as an observer in 1902 and retired in 1934, but continued work as a volunteer for the next 25 years and frequently attended seminars and lectures at the observatory.

Schwassmann is remembered largely for the comets he discovered together with his younger assistant  Arno Wachmannfrom 1927 onward, including three short-period comets – 29P/1927 V1,...

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Selected Reference

  1. Wachmann, A. A. (1964). “Arnold Schwassmann.” Mitteilungen der Astronomischen Gesellschaft 17: 42–46.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Solc
    • 1
  1. 1.Charles University of Prague Astronomical InstitutePragueCzech Republic