Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Schwarzschild, Martin

Reference work entry

BornPotsdam, Germany, 31 May 1912

DiedLanghorne, Pennsylvania, USA, 10 April 1997

Martin Schwarzschild put twentieth-century understanding of stellar structure and evolution on a firm, quantitative footing by calculating the solutions to the differential equations that describe stellar physics for a range of star masses and compositions. He did so using realistic descriptions for nuclear reactions and energy transport, and evolving those solutions forward in time to reveal the effects of gradual composition changes due to the nuclear reactions. Schwarzschild also made significant contributions to the definition of stellar populations and to observations and theory of solar and stellar convection. Late in his career, Schwarzschild attempted to put the dynamical structure and evolution of elliptical galaxies on a similarly firm numerical footing.

Schwarzschild was the second child and elder son of  Karl Schwarzschildand Else Rosenbach, the gentile daughter of a local surgeon. Martin...

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Selected References

  1. Mestel, Leon (1997). “Martin Schwarzschild.” Bulletin of Astronomical Society of India 25(1997): 285–287.ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. — (1999). “Martin Schwarzschild.” Biographical Memoirs of the Fellows of the Royal Society 45: 469–484.Google Scholar
  3. Schwarzschild, Martin (1958). The Structure and Evolution of the Stars. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. (Reprint, New York: Dover, 1965.)Google Scholar
  4. Trimble, Virginia (1998). “Martin Schwarzschild (1912–1997).” Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 109: 1289–1297.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Weart, Spencer (1977). “Transcript of interview with Martin Schwarzschild.” College Park, Maryland: Niels Bohr Library, American Institute of Physics.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CaliforniaIrvine School of Physical SciencesIrvineUSA