Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Schumacher, Heinrich Christian

Reference work entry

BornBramstedt, (Schleswig-Holstein, Germany), 3 September 1780

DiedAltona, (Hamburg, Germany), 28 December 1850

Heinrich Schumacher was a reformer of Danish science and the founding editor of the Astronomische Nachrichten, the most import astronomical journal of the nineteenth century. Schumacher, the son of the Danish senior civil servant and chamberlain Andreas Schumacher, was initially taught by the Reverend Johann Friedrich August Doerfer, who was noted for his topographical work in Schleswig and Holstein, as well as at the Altona Gymnasium, where the headmaster was Jakob Struve, the ancestor of the subsequently renowned family of astronomers. Schumacher studied jurisprudence at Kiel, was a private tutor in Livonia, and lectured in law at Dorpat (and simultaneously was active at the observatory there). In 1808/1809, Schumacher went to Göttingen on a royal Danish scholarship to pursue his studies in astronomy under  Carl Gauss. In 1810, he was extraordinary professor of astronomy...

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Translated by Storm Dunlop.

Selected References

  1. Hamel, Jürgen (2001). “Heinrich Christian Schumacher – Mediator between Denmark and Germany; Centre of Scientific Communication in Astronomy.” In Around Caspar Wessel and the Geometric Representation of Complex Numbers, edited by Jesper Luetzen, pp. 99–117. Copenhagen: C. A. Reitzels Forlag.Google Scholar
  2. Hamel, Jürgen (2002). “H. C. Schumacher – Zentrum der internationalen Kommunikation in der Astronomie und mittler Zuischen Dänemark und Deutschland In Astronomie von Olbers bis Schwarzschild: Nationale Entur̅cklungen und internationale Beziehungen in 19. Johrhundert. Edited by Wolfgand R. Dick und Jürgen Hanel. Frankfurt: Deutsch (Acta Historica Astronomiae; 14), 89–120.Google Scholar
  3. Olufsen, Christian Friis Rottboell (1853). “Biographische Notizen über den verstorbenen Conferenzrath Schumacher.” Astronomische Nachrichten 36: 393–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Repsold, J. A. (1918). “H. C. Schumacher.” Astronomische Nachrichten 208: 17–34.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität LandauLandau in der PfalzGermany